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Diabetes and Diabetic Care: Understanding the Importance of Monitoring Blood Glucose Levels

Since your doctor already broken the news that you have diabetes, then it’s time to make few changes to your lifestyle, and you probably now have to use a blood glucose meter. But, why is it important to regularly check your blood glucose levels? Let us talk about the importance of having regular blood glucose test.

Diabetes is a chronic disease affecting glucose or sugar metabolism, wherein the pancreas cannot produce insulin as seen in type 1 diabetes, or it cannot produce enough insulin in type 2 diabetes, resulting in inappropriate breakdown of insulin. Diabetes requires a lifelong blood glucose monitoring, medication, and healthy lifestyle such as having healthy eating habits, weight loss and increased physical activity. Type 1 diabetes basically need insulin administered via injection, whereas type 2 diabetes will eventually have to take oral medication and via insulin injection in some situations.

Diabetes signs and symptoms may not be apparent, not until a patient experiences hyperglycemia or too high blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia or too low blood sugar levels. Hyperglycemia can lead to diabetic complications such as myocardial infarction or heart attack, stroke, kidney problems that may require dialysis, blindness, erectile dysfunction and problems with blood circulation, which may lead to amputation. Thus, to avoid these complications, patients need to monitor and control their blood glucose levels with the help of a reliable blood glucose monitor to minimize the risk of hyperglycemia. Blood glucose test using a blood glucose meter is an important part of diabetes management, allowing you to study and integrate the impact of different measures you do in controlling your diabetes, such as losing weight, changing diet plans, doing exercise and medication intake.

There are many types of blood glucose meters available in the market today, ranging from basic models that merely reads blood glucose levels, to more advanced versions, offering various features such as memory for storing information. The price of blood glucose meters and blood test varies, and insurance may not always cover these, so there are things you need to consider before purchasing your own blood glucose meter, to get your money’s worth. In selecting the perfect blood glucose meter for you, consider the cost, your doctor’s suggestion, ease of use, length of time to read and show the result, maintenance, and special features you need. Special features of some blood glucose meters include audio capability for people with visual impairment, back light screens to aid low-light visibility, memory to store readings, various handling capabilities such as having a USB meter or strips stored in meters, and ability to test blood ketone levels.

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